CTS_session 2_TXT & IMG (Writing Design 19.01.16 Notes)

Margritti this is not a pipe.jpg

‘The Treachery of Images’ (1928–29) by Rene Magritte

Relations between txt and img.

What happens when txt and img contradicts each other, like here in Rene Magritte’s painting, were he has drawn a pipe, but underneath he wrote ‘It’s not a pipe’. Some people it took a lot of time, to understand that in real it is not a pipe, it is just a drawing of a pipe or it’s interpretation.

Txt can totally change the meaning of something. 



CTS_session 1_Writing Design 12.01.16 (Notes)

Free Association Writing 

It is hard. It is hard to be someone, who stands out from the public. But from the same point of view, I don’t think it is that hard. Easier way to be ‘different’ is to абстрагироваться (disengage) from the world, lock yourself in your house, beforehand buy enough of everything to survive, and lock yourself up. Don’t turn anything on, such as laptop TV or any gadget. Go to the origins. Try to connect more with the nature. Think about yourself. You. Your Soul… Meditation – they say. I’ve started off from trans masculine – femme brown bears telling about how it is hard to survive for them, but now I’m writing about meditation. Recently I was inspired by my mom and her bf, how they usually spend time. Almost 4 years ago, even more y parents divorced and mom met another guy. He is really interesting persona and what he does, and now my mother also does is personal development. Meditation, giving up unhealthy thing, listening to their bodies.

(Free Association Writing after reading about trans masculine – femme brown bears interviewing each other)

Personal experience influence the way we understand this world. 

Haiku 5-7-5

# 1

Speaking of silence

In her brave adolescence

She sat on the floor



Liked being feminine

Struggling with mine own gender

It was really really nice.

CTS_session 6_Panopticon & The Gaze (Notes)

Jeremy Bentham 

(1738 – 1832) – it is a stuffed body, with waxed head (as it gone wrong), placed in the box, displayed in UCL.

  • In his will he decided to ask his friend, surgeon, to display him.
  • UCL placed microphone in hime, so that when someone speaks to him it is recorded.
  • started like layer, later decided to be philosopher about social practice, modes of punishment
  • Auto-icon (asked to be so)


(Bentham thought) – the greatest good, for the greatest amount of people

New Prison


jail, designed by Jemery & Samuel Bentham

Ideas driving the design of Panopticon:

  • Utilitarianism – do what produces the best consequences
  • Punishment should’t cause individual pain, not punishing psychically or moral – it kills good of person
  • Performance of punishment, rather actual punishment
  • ‘It is for the gaze of the innocent – that is for the gaze of those to be deterred from offences – that the guilt of the prisoners in the panopticon is staged’ (Bozovic, 1995)
  • Panopticon is a stage
  • Punishment – witness being watched


panopticon  pointsdactu-dot-org.jpg

Structure of the Panopticon

  • Full light
  • Prisoners don’t know, when they are being observed (like BigBrother)
  • Inspector – shadowy presence
  • Public performance of punishment, controlling their behaviour
  • Assuming they (prisoners) are constantly watched
  • The person (watcher) had a transition from a person to God. He sees everyone, but no-one sees him
  • Disembodied gaze (prisoners doesn’t know who is watching them, it terrifies them)
  • Prisoners police themselves, believing that they are being policed
  • Punishment – is a fiction

Reminds of a Placebo effect, belief grows, because of the mass

  • Bentham wanted to ‘illustrate’ fiction in his philosophical writing, but by creating ‘God’ in the panopticon, he himself created a fiction (paradox: by producing illusion)

Stateville Penitentiary Illinois (built between 1916 – 24)

‘The most awful receptacle of gloom ever devised’ (Hopkins, 1930, in Steadman)

based on public humiliation

Michael Foucalt (1926-1984)

philosopher; writer; historian; social theorist

The Gaze

  • the Enlightenment is driven by fear of the darkness in people
  • Public opinion used as an element in power and control
  • Illuminating all spaces enables power and control to flourish – ‘power through transparency’

Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778)

Italian artist, who painted ‘Carceri – Prisons’ (fantasy prison; idea of nightmare; positive to Benthams negative)


You subject yourself to the Gaze

Facebook – public humiliation

  • people are gazers for each other
  • it depends on people’s attitude to the network

Vice versa: in Panopticon: 1 Eye, a lot of prisoners

in Network: a lot of Eyes, 1 prisoner

issue of tagging – you don’t know what will get on the Net

I grew up in a bubble with network, but now grown up and I don’t care about it, it doesn’t affect me

Edward Snowden


“I don’t want to live in a world where everything I say, everything I do, everyone I talk to, every expression of creativity and love or friendship is recorded.” – Edward Snowden

CTS_session 5_Utopia & Utopianism and the Networked Society (Notes)

Harry McClintock – Big Rock Mountain (a song about hobos – homeless men in 1920’s Depression times)


Good Place/No Place?

Word Utopia was coined by Sir Thomas More (1477/8-1535) in his book ‘UTOPIA’

‘Concerning the Best State of a CommonWealth and the New Island of Utopia. A truly Golden Handbook, No Less Beneficial than Entertaining’

Greek for ‘place’ = Topos + ‘U’ prefix – meaning ‘no’ or ‘not’= NO PLACE


+ ‘eu’ prefix – meaning ‘good’ = GOOD PLACE

More (writer) used both words in his book


A Past or Future Land

  • Conditioned by Nostalgia (from the Greek ’nostos’ = ‘return home’ + ‘algos’ = ‘pain’)
  • The Golden Age, The Garden of Eden, Milton, ‘ Paradise Lost’

(Greek were all over the world, therefore they are surrounded by Nostalgia, so this is a Greek word)

  • A fantasy of the future: Jonathan Swift J.R.R

Those Utopias are unattainable because they are in future

‘The Garden of Earthly Delights’ (? 1410 (detail) https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/renaissance-reformation/northern/hieronymus-bosch/a/bosch-the-garden-of-earthly-delights

a triptych painted by the Early Netherlandish master Hieronymus Bosch.

The exterior panels show the world during creation, after the addition of plant life

but before the appearance of animals and humans.

The interior (from left to right) on first panel: shows the God introducing Eva to Adam, on second: humans lusts, on third one: Hell.




  • a literary genre
  • a fictional society described in great detail, located in time and space.
  • depicting people living their everyday lives, but transformed – an ideal life in comparison to their actual lives.
  • Utopias are like narrative dreams of how things could be
  • Useful, as critiques of real societies
  • Move (writer)invented a perfect society, therefore he
  • Humour/ Satire: best way of making something less valuable, make it funny
  • we are surrounded by dystopia (whole world represents all fears of society)
  • Utopia is driven by hope
  • Dystopia is driven by fear
  • One invites the other

Maurice Sendak ’The Hobbit’ (1967)

‘Lord of the Ring’ has both Utopia, as well as Dystopia. In the movie the clash was created, to show the contrast, representing people in non-human world.

Themes at work in Utopias represent ‘the good life’

  • Bodily pleasure (food, sex, drink) a world of plenty, the poor would have more then enough
  • Social organisation – social reversal which appears in Utopian narratives. The powerless would have control.

Pieter Breugel the elder, ‘The Land of Cockaigne’ (1567),

known in Dutch literature as Luilekkerland (country of the lazy and gluttonous), was described in very popular stories as a mythical place where there is no need to work, and where food and drink are so abundant that we need only open our mouths to take in what we desire.




  • general category – a philosophy of life rather than a literary genre
  • philosophical view point, where you are thinking of making Utopia a real life
  • regards themselves
  • Focuses on everyday life as well as wider political and social issue
  • philosophical way of thinking

from theoretical  – Utopian practice (things in real world)

  • ‘International communities’ (once called ‘communes’) live together in fare way
  • Transform life – decide what are the rules in communes make rules
  • designed to improve on life outside in general society (experimenting with life – social experimenting) use Utopianism recipe by creating experiments
  • Utopia has to have rules (in More’s book was a leader with his rules)
  • obsession of personal freedom

Wanderlust (2010)

The Farm Community

  • We agree to be honest and compassionate in our relationships with each other
  • We believe in non-violence and pacifism and are conscientiously opposed to war
  • We agree to keep no weapons in the community

Philosopher Hobbes (1588-1679) and Civil Disobedience


Bitcoins (internet currency) 

  • utopia for pirates
  • like scenario paradise
  • anonymous
  • expect to be robbed


You may buy (using bitcoin through the internet) a hitman and then it turns to be real.

We’ve created technology, so we can go around them.

Mice & man (American Dream – Utopian Escape)

Internet Society – Breaking off in subcultures

Evgeny Morozov https://vimeo.com/23789554

Steven Jonson https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKHDIXn5ZcE

‘Everything Bad is Good for you’

CTS_session 4_Counterculture (Notes)

Does it still exist in Contemporary Network Society?

Back in 60’s Woodstock (music festival)


framing the image changes the story


Joan Baez – Joe Hill (activist, which protested against injustice)

when she was preforming the song at midnight, her husband was taken by the police.


All over the world people were protesting against the war (being pacifists)

60’s flower power


Alan Ginsberg (publicly gay) – Beat poet (resistant movement, which was expressing individuality)


Jack Kerouac (writer ‘On the Road’) What are hippies?


60’s were very democratic and impudent times, people were getting srunk on TV and would smoke in studios

Are Hippis a stereotype?

Hippie – activists

Hippie – not engaging with politics

Marshal McCluhan ‘Understanding Media’

Our conventional response to all media, namely that it is how they are used that counts, is the numb stance of the technological idiot. For the “content” of a medium is like the juicy piece of meat carried by the burglar to distract the watchdog of the mind….’ (McCluhan, 1964)

communication of the message is important media itself, it changes societies and people.

Theodore Roszak (directly in conflict with McCluhan)

‘The Making of a Counterculture (1969)

the content is important

‘Remove the real issues from the music, and you have nothing left but the noise…. this is something to do, in my view, with Marshall McCluhan’s unfortunate influence…’ (Roszak, 2003)

People don’t protest really anymore. They don’t get into politics anymore.

Framing this in 2003

the perspective is really rely on the access on the internet, it is used by desperate people.

Online petition urges Cardiff University to cancel Germaine Greer lecture

She said: ’Non of the surgery in the world will make you a woman’ (referring to men)


Is internet a democratising place/arena?

Bronies (fans of ‘My Little Pony’)

  • gathering around the product
  • going against gender (it doesn’t matter, which gender are you)

There are a lot of internet communities, which gathers online/real life

But Internet is not as strong as physical world.


CTS_session 3_Preforming the Digital Self (Notes)

Bruegel the Elder (medieval) ‘Battle between Carnival and Lent’


Carnaval (peoples celebration)

takes place to laugh someone out

Lent (restrictions for people)

people are giving up something in order to balance their life

Society ruined by powerful church.

Goffman: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

  • Individual perform, they act intentionally pr unintentionally to express ourselves.

Performing may be shown through clothing, stuff we have with ourselves, emotions, body language, reactions on situations.

  • Our audience receives the impression.

When an individual enters the presence of others:

  • The audience seeks to acquire information
  • His status (financial, social, conception of self) – trustworthiness
  • They gather this info through ‘carriers’ or signs vehicles

Signs – what we live by

All the stuff we carry with us, are means of communication

Doing nothing on the scene in the theatre means something, it’s already an act.

‘We are acting’ – Goffman says

Sign Activity

  1. giving (she gives) – verbal symbols or substitutes to convey information that is generally understood through shared conventions (stereotypes)
  2. giving off (she gives off subtext) – action that others can treat as belonging to the actor

When individuals present themselves before others, their performance will tend to incorporate and exemplify the values.

’To stay in one’s room away from the place where the party is given… is to stay away from where reality is being preformed. The world in truth is a wedding’ (Goffman, 1959)

(wedding between actors and the audience)

Performance of the vow infant of the audience.

Sign vehicles (people use on daily basis)

  • eye contact
  • body langage
  • hair & make-up (I won’t leave the house without make-up)
  • appearance
  • jewellery
  • mask is what you chose to wear, while performing

How to access someone when we encounter them in person?

  • appearance

How do we know if the person who is giving off the impression is genuine?

  • eye contact
  • feeling (trusting)
  • emotions

There should be balance between giving and giving off

Hancock: ‘Digital Deception: The Practice of Lying in the Digital Age

Digital Deception: ‘The intentional control of information & communication in a technologically mediated message to create a false belief in the receiver go the message.’

The is something between people, your antenna is closed.

‘A social laboratory for experimenting with identity’ (Sherry Turkle)

Expectations of the Net:

  • the spaces and places on the net are connected but separate
  • each space is its own ‘game’ with its own rules in it
  • our expectations of the performance on the net vary

Huizinga: ‘Homo Ludens. A Study of thePlay Element in Culture’

‘Playing all the time is the nature of peoples behaviour’

World – is a game with its rules and we take part in it.

If someone force us to play there will be no joy in it.


  • Lying in real has more weight than online.
  • Lying in some contexts would be transgression of a high order – in person it would be even more extreme (as in the ‘Fight Club’)
  • Technology can enable various forms of deception by enabling us to lie or allowing u to lie in new ways.
  • The different properties of technology can effect how honest and ‘self-disclosive’ we are.
  • Everyday lying practices in different digital media, including e-mail, instant messaging, the telephone, online dating etc.

What allows us to lie in a new ways:

  • not being ‘co-present’
  • we manipulate differently

Examples of lies on the internet

  • ‘Alibi Network’
  • ‘Excuse clubs’

Paradox – true & untrue in one thing (two opposites exists)

  • Technology prevent you from as everything
  • people are disclosing on the internet, they rely more on the net
  • we are much honest when computers are between us (people)
  • we think we are anonymous

When one-to-one we are thinking about our performance and audience, in network it is about ourselves, focusing IN to OUT anymore.

On the net there is no censure, we are able to say anything.

  • despite the amount of online deception mere is also online openness.

The Midium in the Message (McCluhan) ‘Understanding Media’

Bakhtin (1895-1975) (repressed by Stalin)

‘Rabelais and His World’ power of popular (explores the power of popular humour)

  • Carnival is the people’s second life organised on the basis of laughter
  • Everybody participate because it;s idea embraces all the people (participatory culture)

CTS_session 2_Transmedia Storytelling_13.10.15 (Notes)

Henry Jenkins  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AFCLKa0XRlw

“We through ideas into the world and they come back to us more developed” (Henry Jenkins)

Participatory Culture using network to create movements and change the network/world

  • using # to promote politicians
  • Twitter used to retweet tweets and spread news and info
  • icebucket challenge
  • gamergate in 60 sec

We are using technology in the way we need to use it.

  • Simpson & Family Guy distribute politician thinking


  •  (look at magazine БИЗНЕС)


online gathering can harm people

Steven Haller (Cameron pig)

Transmedia Storytelling ( H. Jenkins website)

it is about creating a world which we would explore (explore the world through different media)

[extractability] Coca-Cola – e-sports

Matrix game 

you create the world which you can manoeuvre.

a lot of fan fictions (written by fans)

Process of world building

Transmedia storytelling – world appears on different media platforms (toys; games; cosplays; videos; graphic novels)

  • variety of platforms
  • variety of audience

Hit Records

change the point of the story (e.g

Elements of Transmedia Storytelling:

  • ‘drillability’
  • continuity vs multiplicity
  • immersion vs extractability
  • world building
  • seriality
  • subjectivity
  • performance

The Hunt for Gollum (2009)




Italian comics Dillan Dog (illustrated by different artists)

Dylan Dog -  Dawn of the Dead 1 - Page 1.jpg


Superheroes are in our world, trying to solve our problems.

  • rich stories
  • open environments
  • open ended mission to create evil rather then closed quests
  • multiple creators make characters transferrable

CTS_session 1_Networked Societies_06.10.15

In studies, being introduced to the new topic, it is crucial to understand, what is it you are going to investigate. Breaking down the complex collocation Networked Societies can lead to many different discussions about the meaning of each word.

SOCIETIES (population of people; unspoken rules; group of people with same interests; complex; concentrated on human; a lot of amorphous ideas)

Society – the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community (http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/society)

If you were asked to illustrate society which form would you choose? At first you would associate it with circle or some round shapes, as it is an aggregate, which works together. Nevertheless the society is not equal all of the participants are different and has their own place in this ‘circle’. And this is where classes and hierarchy are taking major part in the transformation of the visualisation of the society from circle to triangle. In the Snowpiercer  (2013), South Korean science fiction action film, set in a future where a failed climate-change experiment kills all life on the planet except for a lucky few who boarded the Snowpiercer, a train that travels around the globe, where a class system emerges.(http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1706620/) Main hero is trying to make his way through from the lower class, to the elite, to take the control of the engine and the future of the world. If making parallel between the train and the ‘pyramid’ where the lower class is at the bottom and the jet set is on the top, therefore, where ever you are in the society, you can move even to the top.

NETWORK (connection; way of communication; can unite societies; information sharing; flow of information)

Network – a group or system of interconnected people or things (http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/network)

Eric Pickersgill

michelle_and_jimmy_2400       Angie_and_Me_2400

grant_1340_c       wendy_brian_kids_2400


“TV and the Internet are good because they keep stupid people from spending too much time out in public.” (Douglas Coupland)

Network helps us be with each other all the time, says Sherry Turkle in her book Alone Together.

Bleached Dreams – Troubling Places (12.05.15)

What are Non-Places? Airports, highways, roundabouts, lifts, supermarkets, car parks – those are all non-place, which are visited by people every single day, but human do not realise, that while being there, they are only physically present, as the mind is busy with some other thoughts and tasks.

I can suggest, that nowadays with the use of technologies, such as mobile-phones, laptops and etc. all places are transformed into non-places, forcing people attend only physically, but not mentally.

A letter from the non-place “Roundabout”.

The purpose of this practise, was to imagine, as you are actually now in this place, you don’t see it, but you imagine, how it would be, if you were physically in this certain location.

People are passing by, not seeing each other. A non-place. You are on your own…

Everybody are thinking…

Thinking aout different stuff…

Running somewhere…

Red Light! Wait. Green Light! Go!

But when you are going…

Where are you going?


Here is Police, Ambulance! So Loud! SHUT UP!!!

Once I’ve got on an actual roundabout, staring on a cube… What is it? Curious…

Underground. Again It’s 6 pm… Oh, home sweet home…

Bicycles are locked. Looks like a wall of bikes.

He was standing there, probably waiting for her.

Another She talking on the phone, a bit angry, but never mind.

Kid tried to enter, ‘Seek Assistance’, step back and second try. Worked!

Good bye Elephant & Castle.